The Albeldense codex is one of the jewels of El Escorial, is called Codex Conciliorum Albeldensis seu Vigilanus, who joined the Library by generous donation of the Count of Buendia Philip II. A 5 star in every great library!
Visigoth written letter, the manuscript consists of 429 pages of large size (455 x 325 mm) and two columns. Codex real treat for the parameters of the time. It was finished writing and illuminating in 976 to the San Martín de Albelda (Rioja) by the copyist Monitors, aided by colleagues Sarracino and García, according to his climax and one of the best miniatures, in which appear drawn, among other characters, the three illuminators scribes.
The San Martín de Albelda was founded in the tenth century, La Rioja ruled by the Kings of Pamplona, in the most important cultural center of the Kingdom, a greater height, even the no less famous monastery of San Millan . He played an active and well organized scriptorium, where monks of the community elaborated the books that were necessary for the liturgy, spiritual life and even legal. Some codex was written abroad, as the copy of the Treaty of San Ildefonso on the virginity of Mary, the mid-tenth century French bishop of Puy Godescalco personally led his land.
The codex, called par excellence Albeldense, is a monumental collection of texts of canon and civil law. It contains a complete collection of Spanish councils and the canons of all the general councils, the main body to which were added a selection of canons and decrees of the pontiffs to San Gregorio Magno, a contemporary of San Isidoro. Also contains the Law I judge, ie the civil code used in Spain since the time of the Goths until the thirteenth century.
The work was enriched by the addition of other texts, and no legal value, but history or liturgy, all of great interest, such as the Life of Muhammad, the Chronicle Albeldense or Calendar, which for the first time in Europe They are mentioned and drawn Arabic numerals 1 through 9, without 0.
As a luxury codex, the work is enriched by 82 colorful miniatures, some a whole folio, with visions of cities -Toledo, for example, and portraits of famous people. Despite being a Spanish book, the technique in the treatment of the clothes it is not the traditional Mozarabic Visigothic, but inspired by the solutions adopted by the Carolingian miniaturists.
Facsimile edition made in 2000, numbered and limited to 980 copies.
Large facsimile bound in dry-stamped goatskin on both sides with faithfully reproduced motifs from the original, rib spine, 1 spine, guide tape, 2 silver and leather clasps with engraved drawings, weight about 20 kg. Format 38 x 50 x 12.5 cm. 880 pages.
Accompanied by the corresponding complementary study book, bound in a padded hardcover in illustrated fabric, format 24 x 32 cm. 284 pages. Texts in Spanish.
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